The Barcelona Chair was designed in 1929 by architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and designed specifically for the German Pavilion at the International Exhibition in Barcelona, Spain. The chair was initially intended for the royal family to sit in, should they be fatigued while visiting the Pavilion. From that time this chair has passed into the pantheon of design classics. The curved shape of the frame contains 17 belting support straps and the seat and back cushions are invisibly fixed with hidden belts. The cushion is made of 40 individual panels, which are cut, hand-welted and hand-tufted with leather and buttons produced from a single cowhide.
Since 1953 Knoll Inc. has manufactured the chair and is the only authorized and licensed manufacturer of the Barcelona Chair and Ottoman. Knoll manufactures the frame in 2 different steel configurations, chrome and stainless. The chair is almost completely hand-labored, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s signature is stamped into each chair. Unauthorized reproductions proliferate worldwide and are sold under different marketing names.